- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Spontaneous state switching in realistic mean-field model of visual cortex with heteroclinic channel
© Trong et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
- Published: 18 July 2011
- Visual Cortex
- Pyramidal Neuron
- Sigmoid Function
- Visual Input
- Inhibitory Interneuron
Spontaneous switching between cortical states in the visual cortex of cat was reported by Kenet et al.: a succession of spatial activation patterns normally associated with visual input was observed even in the absence of external input. Using a Wilson-Cowan network, Blumenfeld et al. proposed a model for this phenomenon that generated multistability by applying unstructured noise. Here we use the biologically realistic mean-field model of Jansen & Rit , together with the heteroclinic channel theory proposed by Rabinovich et al., cf. Ref. , to propose a mechanism how such spontaneous switching between states could occur independent of extrinsic noise.
[Θ: 2nd order differential operator, V: membrane potentials, W: connectivity, S: sigmoid function, I: input, K: gain]
Evoked activity was simulated by applying input to a specific hypercolumn, yielding patterns that are very similar to the OPC distribution maps - compare Fig. 1C(Evok.) with 1C(IV,V). Importantly however, even without any external stimulus the system spontaneously switches from one state to another, see Fig. 1C(Spon.). In state space the system evolves in a heteroclinic channel, made up by the trajectories near a chain of saddle points (representing the OPCs) and associated unstable separatrixes. The inhibitory connectivity governs this sequence of activation. Imposing noise on this connectivity can introduce randomness into the sequence of activation.
- Kenet T, Bibitchkov D, Tsodyks M, Grinvald A, Arieli A: Spontaneously emerging cortical representations of visual attributes. Nature. 2003, 425: 954-956. 10.1038/nature02078.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Blumenfeld B, Bibitchkov D, Tsodyks M: Neural network model of the primary visual cortex: from functional architecture to lateral connectivity and back. J Comput Neurosci. 2006, 29: 219-241. 10.1007/s10827-006-6307-y.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Jansen BH, Rit VG: Electroencephalogram and visual evoked potential generation in a mathematical model of coupled columns. Biol Cybern. 1995, 73: 357-366. 10.1007/BF00199471.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gilbert CD, Wiesel TN: Columnar specificity of intrinsic horizontal connections and corticocortical connections in cat visual cortex. J Neurosci. 1989, 9: 2432-2442.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Afraimovich VS, Rabinovich MI, Varona P: Heteroclinic contours in neural ensembles and the winnerless competition principle. Int J Bifurcat Chaos. 2004, 14: 151-158.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.