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Modeling mGluR1 mediated synaptic depression in cerebellar Purkinje cells
BMC Neuroscience volume 15, Article number: P110 (2014)
We have previously successfully simulated mGluR1 mediated sEPSP based on experimental data. This effect is associated with parallel fiber – Purkinje cell LTD [1–3]. The mGluR1 mediated sEPSP is generated by calcium signaling through the TRPC channel which is crucial in cerebellar LTD induction . Behavior study using mutant mice that lack this type of LTD has shown no motor learning impairment . We hypothesize that cerebellar TRPC mediated synaptic depression shifts the excitatory and inhibitory balance to down regulate ongoing simple-spike activity. To test our hypothesis we modified our previous model of a Purkinje cell to have TRPC channel current signal linked to the AMPA channel conductance through Kinetikit.
The synaptic depression mediated by TRPC channel current is successfully simulated in the local model. Synchronized train stimulation to the spines in the full model of Purkinje cell were able to cause the cell to fire then followed by a gap in spiking caused by the reduction in the gmax of AMPA channels. Once the TRPC current passed the rising phase, the firing resumed. This model will be used to guide the in vitro experiments to study the interaction of TRPC current mediated depression with simple spike activities. Once the second messenger(s) and the delay time of the plastic effects are know, this model can be further used to study the function of cerebellar LTD.
Huo Lu, C L, Yan Wu, James M Bower: Modeling TRPC1 mediated slow EPSPs in cerebellar Purkinje cells. CNS*2007. 2007, Abstract
Jin Y, et al: Long-term depression of mGluR1 signaling. Neuron. 2007, 55 (2): 277-87. 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.06.035.
Kim SJ, et al: Activation of the TRPC1 cation channel by metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR1. Nature. 2003, 426 (6964): 285-91. 10.1038/nature02162.
Kim SJ: TRPC3 channel underlies cerebellar long-term depression. Cerebellum. 2013, 12 (3): 334-7. 10.1007/s12311-013-0455-1.
Schonewille M, et al: Reevaluating the role of LTD in cerebellar motor learning. Neuron. 2011, 70 (1): 43-50. 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.02.044.
We thank the support of CSO fund from PCOM to provide computers for simulation. We also thank Drs. Cornelis and Beeman for their help through email@example.com.
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Su, Y., Lu, H. Modeling mGluR1 mediated synaptic depression in cerebellar Purkinje cells. BMC Neurosci 15, P110 (2014) doi:10.1186/1471-2202-15-S1-P110
- Purkinje Cell
- Full Model
- Mutant Mouse
- Local Model
- Calcium Signaling