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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study participants

From: Neuromyelitis optica: a pilot study of clinical presentation and status of serological biomarker AQP4 among patients admitted to a tertiary centre in NCNS, Sudan

VariablesFindingsNoPercentage (%)
GenderMale619.4
Female2580
Age in years16–20412.9
21–2539.7
26–3039.7
31–3539.7
36–4013.2
> 401754.8
SymptomsVisual1032.3
Motor2167.7
Visual statusImpairment of visual acuity110
Complete visual loss880
Impairment of visual acuity & color vision110
Disease duration since the onsetDays516.1
Weeks619.4
Months1032.3
Years1032.3
Visual acuityBlindness1341.9
Normal1238.7
Impaired619.4
Fundus examinationOptic atrophy2271.0
Normal929.0
Motor system findingsParaparises619.4
Paraplegia1651.6
Quadriparesis412.9
Quadriplegia516.1
Complete improvement619.4
Clinical courseSingle relapse2168
Relapsing1032
MRI brainNormal2374
Abnormal826
MRI spinal cordNormal26
Abnormal2994
CSF NMO-IgG+Ve2579
−Ve621
Serum aquaporin-4 antibody+Ve2579
−Ve621
TreatmentIV methylprednisolone followed by oral516
IV methylprednisolone followed by oral+ azathioprine2684
OutcomesComplete improvement26
Improvement with disability2271
No improvement723