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Modeling effects of GABAA receptors in basal ganglia computational models

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γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in neurons of the basal ganglia. Recent experimental studies demonstrate that high frequency stimulation (HFS) does not only need presynaptic GABAA receptors but also intact GABAergic nerve terminals coupled to GABAA receptors to exert an inhibitory effect [13]. This effect may result to the modification of basal ganglia activity, exactly how has still not been clearly determined. Using a computational approach, our current contribution analyze the firing patterns of different synaptic conductances input applied to the subthalamic nucleus (STN) neuron in Parkinson’s disease (PD) state and compare this to the normal state. Our contribution is based on Rubin and Terman’s PD computational proposed model [4]. To carefully examine the similarity or dissimilarity between both firing patterns, we used four-based spike metric similarity measures, Victor Purpura spike train metric, Van Rossum, Schreiber et al. and Hunter-Milton similarity measures [5, 6]. In this work, we were able to investigate the direct effect of GABAA receptor on STN spiking activity, and our analysis provides also simple guidelines useful to search parameters that maximize irregularity.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the “Graduate School for Computing in Medicine and Life Sciences” funded by Germany Excellence Initiative [DFGGSC235/1].

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Correspondence to Félix Njap.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Njap, F., Moser, A. & Hofmann, U. Modeling effects of GABAA receptors in basal ganglia computational models. BMC Neurosci 12, P106 (2011) doi:10.1186/1471-2202-12-S1-P106

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Keywords

  • Basal Ganglion
  • Purpura
  • GABAA Receptor
  • Spike Train
  • Spike Activity